Natural resources of Tajikistan are very diverse. Rich deposits of multichemical rare and precious metals of an export potential such as zinc, bismuth, molybdenum, tungsten, copper, gold, silver, antimony, mercury, flour-spars, tin, uranium, iron, manganese, table salt, magnesium and others have been revealed in the territory of Tajikistan. The reserve of deposits of silver contains about 60,000 tones. The second largest silver mine in the world «Koni Mansur» is in Tajikistan. It reserves over 56 000 tons of silver.
About 28 known gold deposits with total reserves over 400 tons are in Tajikistan.
Above that, 36 known deposits of coal with prospective reserve of 5 billion tones are in Tajikistan. A new large “Maikhura” antimony deposit was excavated in 95 km from Dushanbe. But besides the coal mine of Yagnob located in Soghd region, they are not excavated yet.
Despite the fact that many deposits are close to the surface, they are located in the mountainous regions and due to severe climate conditions and undeveloped infrastructure, are difficult to be developed.
Mineral resources of the Republic of Tajikistan
Gold. The main metallogenic potential of gold in the country is focused in promising areas of Northern, Central and Southern Tajikistan's Pamir. Explored reserves are concentrated in the gold-quartz deposits of Djilali - Tarorskiy and Turkestan - Chorinskiy ore zones of Central Tajikistan, as well as gold and gold -quartz - sulfide sites Karamazar. All objects of gold ore in the country are identified being more than 150, most of which are scarcely researched.
Joint Tajik-China venture “Zarafshon” is the largest gold mining in the country. The other joint venture Aprelevka is located in northern part of Tajikistan, considerable amount of shares of which are owned by the Canadian company “Gulf International Minerals”.
According to official data, in case of providing sufficient investment, Tajikistan could be able to produce 10 to 20 tons of gold annually.
Lead and zinc. The Republic of Tajikistan on reserves of lead- zinc ore is a leader in the Central Asian region. Industrial stocks mineralization are hosted in skarn which is confined mainly to the secant contacts of granitic dikes in carbonate sediments, as well as a significant scale of stockworks and hydrothermal veins in propylitized volcanic rocks of the Central Upper Karamazar.
Coal. There are significant resources of industrial reserves of coal of various quantities in the depth of Tajikistan from coal mining “Shurab” up to unique top clean anthracite of Nazar Ayloq. Development of coal industry begins from the past century.Today in Tajikistan recognized 11 fields and 10 born place of coal area are revealed and partially studied.
Effective state support and attraction of investment funds allows enterprises to increase the level of production. For example, the production of coal in 2015 made 1 mln 42 thousands tons, which is three times more than in 1991.
Today 18 various industrial enterprises on coal production work on 11 deposit mines in Tajikistan. The proximate reserve of this natural resource in the country is estimated in more than 3.8 billion tons. One of the most active companies in coal industry is UE «Fon Yagnob mine» with annual production
of 600 thousand tones.
Availability of rich raw material stock and different types of coal gives the chance for a further growth in volumes of production and its industrial conversion for the purpose of production of combustible, chemical and technological materials. Productive use of coal and on this basis development of the chemical industry and non-ferrous metallurgy can become the main source of achievement of economic targets of the country on increase in internal gross output.
Tajikistan occupies the second place on antimony reserves (after China) in Asia and the first place among the Commonwealth of Independent States countries. Antimony alotment deposit - “Skalni” (more than 50% out of all CIS reserves).
In Soghd region there are 214 deposits of other minerals besides antimony and mercury: lead and zinc (16 deposits), copper and bismuth (3), molybdenum and tungsten (1), iron (3), gold (15) silver (7), sternum (1), coal (11), oil and gas (11), fluorite (5), rock salts (1) and etc. According to preliminary calculations, the cost of hidden metal and ore there exceeds 10 billion dollars. There is no such a deposit anywhere alse in the world.
“Maikhura” tungsten deposit discovered in the central Tajikistan in 95 km from Dushanbe is suitable for establishment of a profitable business with a capacity up to 150 tons of ore per year.
3 strontium occurences are explored in Khatlon region. The ultimate reserves of ore containing strontium in “Chaltash”, “Daudir” and “Chilkutan” allow to establish a major mining enterprise with
annual production of 180 thousand tons of ore.
The large reserve of raw materials for production of cement containing approximatly 200 million tons are explored in Shahrituz and Qubodiyon districts. Also gas fields were explored and are under development in Baljuvon and Rumi districts of Khatlon region.
Oil and gas reserves have been discovered in Tajikistan since the Soviet period. By that time it was determined that there are more than 7.9 million tons of oil and 5.6 billion cubic meters of gas in entrails of the earth. The main reserves of rock salts are concentrated in the south of republic.
The reserves of “Khoja-Mumin”, “Khoja-Sartez” and “Tanobchi and Samanchi” deposits are calculated billions of tons.
Gorno Badakhshan is the severe and mountainous region with hard natural conditions, but here the deposits of gold, silver, copper, tungsten, mica, and precious stones were discovered as well.
A single in Tajikistan boric raw material deposit “Ak-arkhar” was explored in the area.