During the period of its independence, the Republic of Tajikistan continues advancement its economic infrastructure, including transportation sector which has determining character in economic development along with improvement of living standards and reduction of poverty.
Development of transport sector will foster support of domestic and foreign trade which stands one of the main tasks in enhancing economic relations, entrepreneurship and international transit.
In turn, the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan since the early years of its independence has made main focus on overcoming communication deadlock and building transit channels through our country. The strategy of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on overcoming communication deadlock was announced in 2010 in annual address of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan to Majlisi Oli - the Parliament of the Republic of Tajikistan.
The strategy includes two main points:
First – building integrated transport network in the country and its connection with international transport corridors.
Second – accession and ratification by the Republic of Tajikistan international conventions and agreements related to transportation.
Tajikistan has no direct access to the sea ports. Therefore, roads and rail systems in Tajikistan are the key to economic development. More than 90% of passenger traffic and 70% of freight traffic accounts for road transport.
Automobile road network of Tajikistan inherited after the collapse of the Soviet Union needed major repair and reconstruction.
However, recently the overall situation is improving due to increased funding to the maintenance and repair of roads. This allowed increasing volume of traffic on average by 6.7% annually.
The length of railways is 935 km. Air freight are carried out by both local and international airlines. Tajikistan has four international airports in Dushanbe, Khujand, Kurgan-Tyube and Kulob.
Existing transport infrastructure initially was focused on Russia and Eastern Europe. Relations are developing with China and South Asia, which promotes the expansion of trade.
The Republic of Tajikistan has joined officially 9 International Conventions and Agreements:
- International Convention for the Coordination of monitoring the transport of goods across borders
- International Convention in traffic
- International Convention on road warning signs
- International Convention for the delivery and storage of goods
- International Customs Convention on the Carriage of Goods by TIR Carnet
- European Agreement on the transport and delivery of dangerous goods by road
- An interstate agreement on perishable food and special vehicles for the delivery of such goods
- European Agreement concerning the activities of service vehicles on the international highways
- Agreement on implementation of safety for vehicles and spare parts which are used in them
The long-term aims of transport strategy of Tajikistan outlined in its National Development Strategy.
Tajikistan is the member of Trans-Asian Railway (TAR) agreement linking the railway systems of 28 countries in Asia and Europe, acting from June 11, 2009. The purpose of this agreement is to develop the cargo and passengers transportation in the area of Central Asia and Europe. Besides it is planned to develop railway and road system access to this bridge. The connection of road system to the bridge will reduce the distance between Dushanbe and sea port almost on half and will promote increasing of trade and development in all regions.
The government of Tajikistan together with the governments of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan is implementing the construction of Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan railway project.
It is expected that the railway will allow creating the favorable condition for optimization of social-economical development of the region. At the same time the Government of Tajikistan cooperates with governments of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and Pakistan in the construction of the road from Tajikistan to Pakistan via Vakhan corridor (Afghanistan).
This project has strategic importance because the road will provide Tajikistan access to the nearest sea ports of Pakistan. Implementation of this project means a way out of traffic isolation for Tajikistan.
In addition to that Tajikistan will have an alternative road to export its goods to other markets.
Above this implementation of this project will initiate an intensive cooperation between Tajikistan and Central Asian countries.
The transformations are also implemented in the field of civil aviation, as well as space for free competition and the market for air services for both domestic and foreign airlines is created in the country. Active work is being conducted to improve service and enhance the role of local carriers in the international market: there are all prerequisites for work in this direction. Local carriers of Tajikistan - Somon Air, Tajik Air, East Air and foreign air companies operating in Tajikistan are Turkish Airlines, Fly Dubai, China South Airlines, Kam Air, Osmon Air, Utair, Ural Airlines, Sibir Airlines. Together they operate regular flights to over 20 destinations to 11 countries abroad constantly increasing the number of destinations.